Many problems concerning buildings end up with some form of dispute and recourse to the law. Most building contracts specify arbitration as the ideal method of resolving disputes. This is usually the best method, as most often, the arbitrator will be a person who is technically competent with regards to construction.
However many disputes cause the parties to go to court which can sometimes be not as effective as the courts are not necessarily knowledgeable about construction.
Mediation is a more recent method of dispute resolution, where the two sides are bought together with a mediator who can attempt to get the two sides to an agreement.
In all the methods of dispute resolution it is essential that the parties have proper experts to advise them and to have those experts prepare comprehensive and supportable reports.
This is where the Buildings Surveyor comes into the picture. The Building Surveyor would exam a building. Identify the defects and make a report. They can give their opinions as to the cause of the defect and suggest the best methods of remedial work and to restore the building to proper standards of integrity.
GIẢI QUYẾT TRANH CHẤP
Nhiều vấn đề liên quan đến các công trình xây dựng đã kết thúc bằng các tranh chấp và phải nhờ cậy đến pháp luật. Hầu hết các hợp đồng xây dựng quy định cơ quan trọng tài như một cách lý tưởng để giải quyết tranh chấp. Đây thường là biện pháp tốt nhất khi mà trọng tài thường là người thông thạo về xây dựng.
Tuy nhiên, nhiều tranh chấp dẫn các bên ra toà, mà đôi khi vẫn không có kết quả bởi toà án không hiểu biết đầy đủ về xây dựng.
Hoà giải là biện pháp để giải quyết tranh chấp trong thời gian gần đây, khi mà các bên ngồi lại với nhau cùng với nhà hoà giải nhằm đưa hai bên đến một thoả thuận.
Trong tất cả các biện pháp giải quyết tranh chấp, điều quan trọng là các bên có các chuyên gia đích thực để cố vấn họ và giao cho các chuyên gia này việc thực hiện các bản báo cáo đầy đủ và có cơ sở.
Đây là lúc mà các Công ty Khảo sát Công trình vào cuộc. Các Công ty Khảo sát sẽ khảo sát công trình, nhận diện các lỗi và lập báo cáo. Họ có thể cho ý kiến về nguyên nhân gây ra sai sót và đề nghị biện pháp khắc phục tốt nhất và để sửa chữa công trình theo đúng tiêu chuẩn về sự hoàn chỉnh của công trình.
An example of unusual circumstances with baffled the various parties involved was a large building in Asia with was roofed with Zinc-Titanium sheets. Within a few month of completion of the building, the roof sheeting started to corrode, from the underside, and within a few further months large area were completely corroded through and the roof started leaking badly.
The roofs of the building concerned were extensive and the contractor was blamed for the leaking. The cost of replacing the roofs was very high and as the contractor felt that as they had constructed the roof according to the drawings using the specified materials, they felt they were not responsible for the failure.
BA Building Surveying was called in by the contractor to investigate the problem. The investigations include the site survey, the gathering of samples of corroded zinc roofing as well as the underlaying bituminous felt and the plywood grounding. Control samples of all the materials were also taken from new stock. The building surveyor also careful examined the drawing of the roof and its details, the specification and the manufacturer’s recommended details.
The sample materials were analyzed in a specialist laboratory and the pH values of the bituminous compounds and the plywood were also measured.
Based on the data collected, the numerous photographs taken and the drawings and details examined, it was identified that the corrosion was caused by poor detailing which allow water to remain in contact with the underside of the zinc sheet.
Zinc is highly susceptible to corrosion in this situation. For best performance, it is recommended that zinc sheets used for roofing are kept separately from any underlying materials and an air gap provided.
The roof as detailed did not provide for any such air gap. It was also ascertained that the design of roof, which have no gutters, allowed rainwater was such that it could then penetrate the standing seams which had been provided at the edge of the zinc roof panels.
The report identified the problems as such and completely exonerated the contractor from the blame.
(From Asia Construction Magazine)